The requirements for spot welding on the robot used are not very high. Because spot welding requires only point control, there is no strict requirement for the movement path of the welding tongs between points. This is also the reason why robots can only
be used for spot welding. The spot welding robot not only needs to have sufficient load capacity, but also has a fast speed when moving between points, and the movement should be smooth and the positioning should be accurate to reduce the displacement
time and lift the robot arm.
High work efficiency. How much load capacity a spot welding robot needs depends on the type of welding tongs used. For welding tongs separated from the transformer, a robot with a load of 30 to 45 kg is sufficient. However, on the one hand, the welding tongs have large electrical energy loss due to the length of the secondary cable, and are not conducive to the robot to extend the welding tongs into the workpiece. On the other hand, the cable runs without the robot moving, and the cable is damaged quickly. . Therefore, the use of integrated welding tongs is gradually increasing. This welding tongs together with the transformer quality is around 70kg. Considering that the robot has sufficient load capacity, the welding tongs can be sent to a space position for welding with a large acceleration, and a heavy-duty robot with a load of 100 to 150 kg is generally selected. In order to meet the requirements of short-distance rapid displacement of welding tongs during continuous spot welding. The new heavy-duty robot adds the ability to perform 50mm displacement in 0.3s. This puts higher requirements on the performance of the motor, the operation speed of the microcomputer and the algorithm.